Monday, May 19, 2014

Closer to a Better Pattern

Here are 3 new half made models of seashells;
they just need to be sewn up and padded plus instructions need to be typed up!

The top left hand side one is a knitted version of the nice model in "A Proper Pattern" of post in 2012.


Continuing:-     5/6/2014

Here is Pattern to Knit this model

****25/7/2014  INSERT----   I am sorry there is a Diagram missing  AND there is a problem with the image function on the blog.  The laptop needs to go to the repair shop pronto......

Knitting Patterns for Seashell---------- #1.

Rows 1 to 4;  begin with 3 ply white baby wool.
Cast on 13 stitches,   Knit one row,  knit next row,  knit next row,  purl 4th row.
Row 5, 6;  tie on light blue wool. 
Knit one row;  turn, purl to last 2 stitches, tie on white,  snip off blue,  knit 2.
Rows 7,8;  with white baby wool ; plus indent LHS to increase at mouth of shell.
Knit all row;  turn, knit 3;  turn, knit 3;  turn purl 13 stitches.
Row 9; increase row in accordance with Fibonacci Series
 ie  13 to 21 stitches = As per Item 2.) in Diagram
Knit 3 white, tie on pink wool, knit x2 in the same stitch twice, (k1, kx2 in next 3 stitches) x2……..21 st
Row 10;  knit in pink  to last 3 stitches,  tie both pink ends together and snip off pink, leaving a short length of wool;  knit 3 last stitches in white 3 ply baby wool.
Rows 11,12 and indent;  knit all 21 stitches; turn, k 5;  turn, slip 1 stitch to avoid gap in work, knit 5;  turn, purl to end of row of 21 stitches.
Row 13increase row;  21 to 34 =  As per Item 3.)  in Diagram.
 Ie.   In white, K2, kx2 in next stitch; 
Tie on dk brown 8 ply wool, leaving ` 15 cm lengths to fix up later;
Kx2 in next stitch, k1, kx2 in next 3 st;
“k3, kx2 in next 2 st, then (k1, kx2 in next 3 st) x2” ….....34 st.
Row 14;  knit in dk brown to last 4 st,  snip leaving a 15 cm length, tie on white wool close to work,  k4 in white.
Rows  15, 16, and indent;  knit in white to end of row;  turn, k8; turn, k8;  turn purl 34 to end.
Row 17Increase row;  34 to 55 = As per Item 4.) in Diagram.
In white k2, kx2 in next 2 st, k1,  Tie on bright green 8 ply wool,  keeping ends to tidy up later….
Continue incr Pattern:-  in green, kx2 in next 3 st,
 then “k3, kx2 in next 2 st, and (k1, kx2 in next 3 st) x2”  ……….55 st.
Row 18;  Knit in green to last 13 st.  Tie on white, snip ends as prev.  purl 13.
Rows 19, 20 and indent;  knit 1 row, white,  turn, k21;  turn, slip 1, k20; turn, purl all 55 st to end.
Row 21  increase row  55 to 89  As per 5.) in Diagram.
In white, do 21  stitches in Increase Pattern
and then tie on Brown 8 ply wool and continue in Incr Pattern:-
k1, kx2 in next 2 st, 
then do “Basic Pattern 13 to 21 as per Item 2.) in Diagram,  all 4x.” …………………..89 st.
Row 22;  Knit in brown to last 34 st, purl 14 in brown;  tie on white,  k20.
Row 23, 24 and indent;  knit 1 row white, turn; k21;  turn,  slip 1, k20;  turn, purl all 89 st to end.

Now repeat the brown and white 89 stitch rows;  do it 3 times more,  as follows:-
Rows 25 to 28,  then 29 to 32, then 33 to 37, 
--In white k34,  tie on brown, k55, turn….1 row
--in brown, k55,  purl 14,  tie on white,  k20…..1 row
--in white, k89,  turn,  k21,  turn slip 1, k20,  turn, purl 89…..2 rows plus indent.
This is the last row for the lower part of seashell.

The next part includes work on incorporating the Half Fibonacci Series which is not yet published on this blog,  ie,  89 to 72,  then 72 to 55.  It is hoped that a bigger spiral might ensue at the top of the seashell
model!  One can only experiment.

Row 1  is last brown double row at base of top of shell:
Knit 21 in white,  Tie on brown, snip white leaving 10 to 15 cm end,  knit 13 plus 55 in brown.
Row 2;   in brown continue to knit 3,  then purl 52.  Snip brown, leaving end.  Put all stitches on to left hand needle.
Row 3;  Tie on white.  This is a decrease row-   89 to 72 stitches.
ie.  Knit 3, knit 2 together;  repeat this 68 times until 4 stitches remain,  knit them.
Indent 17    k3 purl 14, turn, slip 1, k13;   turn
Row 4;  k3, p41,  put 11 stitches on to left hand needle,  leave the 17 on right hand needle. 
Row 5;  Begin with orange 8 ply wool or cotton.  K55 st to end of row
Row 6;  k3, p41;  this is end of orange band.  Put all 11 +17 stitches on to left hand needle.
Row 7;  Tie on white.  This is decrease row.  ie 72 to 55. 
ie.  Knit 3,  k2 together;  repeat 12 times until 12 stitches remain;  decrease these to 7 as follows (eg in diagram on this page) -  k1, k2 tog x 2, k1, k2tog x 3.
Row 8;  white -  k3 purl 29;  put 9 stitches on to left hand needle,  leave 14 on right hand needle.
Row 9;  Begin with green 8 ply.  Knit 9 + 32 to end of row.
Row 10;  K3, p29;  this is the end of green.  Put all stitches on to left hand needle.
Row 11;  Tie on white baby wool.  Knit 55,  turn.
Indent.   K3 p14 ( or whatever number you consider appropriate),  turn,  slip 1. P 16, turn.
Row 12;  k3, purl 29,  snip off white leaving a thread to tie off later.  Put all stitches on to left hand needle.
Row 13;  Tie on white.  This is final cast off row knitwise.  Cast off 55.

Then make a crochet chain of 21 in case it is needed when shaping the tip of the shell.  This has to be on the inner corner.  I actually cast off purlwise and continued to make the chain.  I changed the pattern to cast off knitwise thinking that the work might curl better for the stitching up.

Finish off by tying any loose ends behind the work but first use a half 8ply strand of the coloured wools at inner  edge to embroider a line continuing the horizontal stripe.  You don’t have to do this as it is all inside;  but it follows the lines of a real seashell inside….Stitch the ends inside to secure the yarn then snip off.


Apology  24/7/2014
seems that "Diagram" is missing.  So sorry-  I will have to fix this asap.

Congratulations if you have made it so far!  It is quite a task to get it right---- and it might still be not yet perfect.  I have made it as close as I can to this model in the photo.  You might decide to do it all in stocking stitch instead of garter stitch of body.  I keep changing the work as I go,  with each new idea  to try to improve.  I thought the garter stitch might make nice ridges on the surface.  I hope this Pattern is ok.  I will try to make better models as I go on.  This Project, blog, is a work in progressshowing mistakes and allso that others might not make the same mistakes.   I often forget what I did first so it has to be done again....
In the beginning I thought I had discovered the real shape of seashells.  See page 1,  2010,  and photo here.

  However, when I looked more closely,  it was evident that the structure was more complex,  as you see when you stitch up this model.  Photos try to help describe making the tip spiral.  Wind the chain around a chopstick or skewer or pencil or knitting needle, anticlockwise.  Secure with sticky tape.   Fold the top edge of right hand side to inside opposite the central column to which it will be stitched.  Use a kind of back stitch,  going 1 to 1;   or 1 to 2 for a gathered look.
I will try to describe it  visually for you.  The wide end is almost to the middle of the model…..
This might change if higher numbers are used eg 1597 stitches!
Pad the model as you go,  with cotton wool, wool fleece etc.  I have been using pieces cut from quilting padding sheet material.

 You can display models and real seashells on a little “bean bag” so that they won’t topple over.  I used buckwheat hulls from a Japanese pillow,  inside calico pillowslips.

As you can see,  I have been trying many ways to get the top of seashell right!

This way the result of one way of stitching it up!

(I like the one at top of page where the 55 row has each  loop sewn to 2 loops in row above the brown, to give a gathered effect.)


To print off this Pattern,  please highlight the section, then press Control  and c  together, to copy.
Bring up a New Word document page.  place cursor at top of page,  and press Control and v together, to paste.   You can edit to delete unwanted text,  and enlarge the font if needed. etc.  Save and print!


The Mathematics --includes to 144 stitches, as in the yellow and white model.

Oh dear,  it looks a bit funny!   This time the top was stitched close to upper rows instead of to lower down.
Just goes to show what happens when one tries anything.  These models took days and days and days!  Sheer determination just to try to get a Pattern together.  When all of this is done, the Garden might get some attention.  But there is a lot more that's not yet published..........  I only get to electricity and Internet one or two days a week.  A nice motel is where I go;  sometimes to a friend's home,  or to library in town 20 km away from home.

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Are the Robots Waking Up?

360 documentary on ABC Radio National recently has this title.
"Are the robots waking up?      Sunday 6 April 2014 

Are we nearing the singularity, the point where philosophers say the computer programs we create will be smarter than us?
Artificial intelligence is all around us. In phones, in cars, in our homes. Voice recognition systems, predicative algorithms, GPS. Sometimes they may not work very well, but they are improving all the time, you might even say they are learning. 
Come on an entertaining journey through the ethics of artificial intelligence or AI, the science behind intelligent computer programs and robotics. Some software engineers think about the philosophy of the artificial intelligence they are creating, others really don't care.

=Quote from webpage

You can listen online or download audio;  no transcript (yet).
Interesting Comments online.   Especially regarding consciousness.
What if robots are made smarter than humans,  and they create programs even smarter?
Was it Prof Paul Davies who said that Modern Physics is a message from the Future?.....

eg.     See
videos incl A message from Aliens in our DNA?
                  Greetings Aliens, we come in Math!

----------------I tried to share it, but may not work for this blog;  can work for Facebook.

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Swirling Shapes

You can listen or read transcript online.  Biomimicry.

Saturday 12 April 2014 12:39PM
Jay Harman has always been fascinated with the efficiency he sees in nature. Human creations come with problematic side effects.  In nature there is no waste. Everything is used. In his book The Shark’s Paintbrush, Jay Harman describes designs in nature being copied in the human world, from the shape of wings and the way water flows down a plughole, to the marvels of individual molecules which can afford so many advantages in our manufactured world.

The Latest Seashell Model

Long time no postings -  excuse is I have had to extensively repair holes in my caravan after the visit of a big brown snake with a black head, inside chasing a mouse 8th Feb 2014!  Not every day does one have such an excuse.

So I was excited to sit down and begin to crochet another new model.  I did it the hard way -  first row with right hand;  second and alternate rows with the left hand, without turning.   You can do it the usual way, using only one hand to work the yarn;  it makes a ridge.  I wanted an even surface on the outside.  Well,  as you can see,  it is not a perfect model,  but it looks a little bit like the shell on the cover of Barry Wilson's book:-

It began with 8 stitches,  to 13,  to 21,  to 34,  to 55,  all with 4 rows between;
to 89  repeated for 12 rows,  then 55,  then 34..
You can see the LHS is wider-  I used 2 strands of "2 ply"cotton  for 5 stitches all along the edge,  and at the beginning; (the oldest part of the shell becomes thicker, with time....)  the middle has 1 strand of 2 ply.
The RHS has "1 ply" equivalent ( candlewick cotton).
I had to stitch the top rhs corner so all lines come together at the tip
The rhs curls under to form a right hand spiral which is usual in Nature.  Left hand spirals do exist but they are rare-  maybe in another dimension or universe the rule may be left hand.....

Please see previous post 2/3/2014- "The Real Seashell, Updating" for method behind the structure.
Also past posts cross references - 2/2/2012,  1/19/2012.....  it is not possible to repeat everything all the time.

I have  drawn in the join lines....a 377 model might be better.... or an even bigger one!
When sewing the 34 row to under the last 89 row I used a knitting needle or skewer to hold the piece (like an extra finger) so that I could stitch the 34 row almost from underneath.  I shall have to do a drawing to describe the top needs more study.
Maybe the first rows might be better with only 2 rows between them.  I supported these models on a Japanese pillow filled with buckwheat = like a beanbag.  I shall make some more small beanbags because these models tend to topple over on flat surfaces.  The author, Aydin Orstan, of  uses plasticine to hold up his real snail specimen shells.

---more seashell models will be made in good time---


The Human Torus

Here are pictures from Nexus Magazine.  You can also find this on YouTube-  


Here is my own drawing of "Vitruvius Man"

This simple drawing is made with reference to Leonardo’s original, which can be seen on Google Images and on Wikipedia,  etc.
In 1498 Leonardo da Vinci drew the “Vitruvian Man” – a swarthy angry looking man, spread-eagled, to show human proportions.
Vitruvius was a first century Roman architect who believed the proportions and measurements of the human body, which was divinely created, were perfect and correct.  Therefore he proposed that the dimensions of a temple should also relate similarly.

Interesting to observe proportions of the body.

More to come........

Wednesday, February 5, 2014

The Torus

This will be the Age of the Torus.  See also the documentary "Thrive" on YouTube.
Check out the Keshe Foundation.

Torus Fun Video by ieoie
Sacred Geometry

I tried to crochet a torus one year ago, but the result was too frilly around the edges, and tight to breaking point at the centre.

Here is mathematical modelling , in accordance with Fibonacci Series to enable increases in size:-

The Plan is -- to make a model, whenever I can manage it.
More text and info to follow on this fascinating subject!

Monday, February 3, 2014

The Real Seashell, Updating

This space is for the documenting of making a better seashell model, adding time and space, etc.

These images are from a previous post. 2012

More work will be added asap.



Another model has been made  = a black and white one.
Previous posts have been updated = 2/24/2012  and 1/19/2011

The top of the shell is a real challenge in understanding the real thing.
Mathematical model of spirals similar to the torus?............will try.....


More,  20/5/2014

This is what the inside looks like.  I have worked on one model for more than 4 days of my life.
Experiments always bring failures until one gets it right!